The creation of innovative monitoring and control platforms is impossible today without using the results of aerospace activities and geoinformation technologies. According to the world’s leading analytical agency Euroconsult, more than 8,500 satellites are planned to be launched by 2028.
By the same period, Russia plans to launch more than 600 satellites of the promising Sphere system. This huge constellation will be able to generate huge arrays of Earth remote sensing (ERS) data.
To work with such data, it will be necessary to involve all existing digital solutions, such as big data, AI, cloud solutions, the Internet of things, automation. They become the basis for making management decisions based on navigation and positioning data, geospatial analytics, space imagery, and laser scanning. Now the spatial resolution of space imagery reaches 0.3-15 m and 3-20 cm aerial photography from UAVs and helicopters, aircraft.
As the general director of TERRA TECH (part of the Roscosmos state corporation) Milana Elerdova said: “We see a great involvement of Russian regions in the digital transformation of the economy. , but there is also a paid survey, the cost of which is quite high. The price factor is still a constraint for the widespread use of space survey results in the regions of the country. “
However, work with the regions within the framework of the Digital Earth-Services platform, which was launched in pilot mode last year, makes it possible to develop a system for using remote sensing data at the regional level in a comprehensive and systematic manner. It will be put into commercial operation in 2023.
Space services provide accurate information for regulatory authorities
Within the framework of this project, a whole complex of industry-specific information services based on space imagery has been developed. Among them are OIS Les-kontrol, OIS Eco-monitoring, OIS Quarries, OIS Stroy-kontrol, OIS Selkhozmonitoring, OIS Emergency Situations, OIS Disturbed Lands. Today they are being tested in 8 pilot regions. These are Tver, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Sverdlovsk, Kemerovo regions, Krasnoyarsk Territory, the Republic of Tatarstan and Crimea. Other regions will gradually be included in this list.
On the ground, digital space services allow obtaining the most accurate and objective information for control and supervision activities: to see illegal landfills, the volume of displaced soil in the field of road construction, monitor oil spills and assess the scale of permafrost thawing, establish monitoring of subsoil use and determine the volume of heights, excavations , embankments. Prevent illegal logging or assess natural changes over a certain period. Embedded in the regional management system, remote sensing data acquire legal significance up to use in judicial practice by drawing up expert opinions based on the obtained satellite imagery data.
The data obtained with the help of the UAV are becoming no less significant. For example, the Sakhalin Region Development Corporation has reached an agreement with a manufacturing company to launch a pilot project in the region for organizing and escorting flights of unmanned aerial vehicles “Nebosvod”. It is planned to test the digital identification of aircraft, control of the location of the remote pilot and technology for preventing conflicts in the air. Information about the movement of the UAV in real time will be transmitted to the relevant departments.
“There is a wide field of opportunities for the use of unmanned aircraft in the region. Drones can be used to transport mail, control ice conditions, search for fires in forests, check the condition of roads, oil and gas pipelines,” said Vyacheslav Alenkov, Deputy Prime Minister of the Sakhalin Region.
The global market for remote services will be $ 400 billion by 2025
On a national scale, the prerequisites for the use of remote sensing data in control and surveillance activities are both the greater the number of objects of surveillance activity and their territorial distribution. For example, the area of forests in Russia is about 809 million hectares (20 percent of the world), water resources – about 1454 million cubic kilometers (10 percent of the world). At the same time, there are 14 thousand large garbage dumps in the country, 200 thousand monuments of cultural heritage, etc. The Accounting Chamber estimates the volume of illegal logging at 1.3 million cubic meters per year, the amount of damage caused – an average of 11-12 billion rubles annually. All this leads to a great demand for digital technologies in the field of supervision, says Elena Volenko, head of the Internet of Things, Voskhod Research Institute.
12 billion rubles annually loses the country’s budget from illegal deforestation
However, today there are a number of restrictions for the development of control and surveillance activities using remote sensing data. They are associated with the insufficient coverage area and the frequency of satellite images of the areas of interest of the CPV. There is also an insufficient level of digitization and centralization of information: data on forest management, design construction documentation, building permits, etc.
“For more effective enforcement, several key issues need to be addressed. Increase the coverage area and the frequency of satellite imagery. This is important to detect violations at an early stage. It is also necessary to improve the machine learning algorithm to identify the risks of violations. The main idea of solutions that launched the Ministry of Digital Science and is now testing in the regions – this is an automatic detection of violations. And for this you need to compare the suspicion of a violation with the permitted activity. For this, it is very important to digitize the necessary data. At the moment, this information is presented either in paper or in an unreadable format, ” – notes Elena Volenko.
Today’s world is increasingly becoming a system of systems, and there is an increasing convergence of industries in the digital footprint of any industry ecosystem. According to the digital economy advisor to the dean of the Faculty of Economics, Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosova Elena Tishchenko: “The effect of trust in the” ecosystem “dramatically reduces transaction costs. New products of the digital age are expensive in terms of investments, and their use usually has a multiplier effect. For example, the launch of an unmanned vehicle requires its support from the telecommunications sector, and from the energy side, since this often involves the use of non-traditional energy sources. And if earlier the industries worked asynchronously, today they balance their business models to achieve synergy effect, “she stressed.
Geospatial technologies open up new opportunities for the digital economy and the real sector. For example, the target model of Northern Maritime Logistics being built today is based on the georeferencing of the intersectoral balance and the creation of cooperation chains. The multiplier effect here exists for such industries as warehousing and auxiliary transport activities, rail and air transport, pipeline and land transport, construction of engineering structures, telecommunications and many others.
“The market for remote services alone is estimated at 400 billion dollars annually by 2025. The Russian Federation is just entering this market and we need cooperation with the further expansion of new digital products on the export agenda. For example, in the Kaluga region, the Komi Republic, the Sakhalin region. the potential can be realized on the principles of assembling a unique proposal from a library of standard modular partner solutions, “the expert sums up.
Thus, the use of the results of aerospace activities and geoinformation technologies is embedded today not only in the ecosystem of individual industries, regions of Russia and the economy as a whole, but has significant export potential, which can serve as an additional driver for the development of regions in the digital era.